To determine the possible options of the European Union health policy (EU), two points should be recalled:
(1) The considerable differences that exist between the health systems of the EU member states, both in terms of governance and organizational and results.Not only do these systems are historically related to different traditions (Beverridge, Bismarck, Semashko), but they achieve very variable performances: Member States thus record heterogeneous maternal mortality rates and are very unevenly equipped (for example some countries have 6 timesMore than intensive care units per capita than others).
(2) EU health limited legal skills.The EU essentially has a support competence, which provides for voluntary coordination and cooperation actions for:
Health systems "Beveridge, Bismarck and Semashko"
In EU-27, three health system financing systems coexist: